Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Elections for June 13, 2023

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Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Elections for June 13, 2023

A “Liberty Tree” was planted in Savannah on June 13, 1775 to symbolize support for independence. The first liberty tree was an elm in Boston that became a meeting spot for patriots, but Savannah’s was actually a Liberty Pole. In 2006, a seedling grown from the last of the original Liberty Trees on the campus of St. John’s College in Annapolis, Maryland was planted in Dalton, Georgia.

The Marquis de Lafayette arrived in South Carolina to assist General George Washington on June 13, 1775.

On June 13, 1966, the United States Supreme Court released its decision in Miranda v. Arizona. In Miranda, the Court held that a confession obtained by police without informing the suspect of his rights against self-incrimination (Fifth Amendment) and to the service of a lawyer (Sixth Amendment) was inadmissible.

Thurgood Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Lyndon B. Johnson on June 13, 1967.

As the NAACP’s chief counsel from 1938 to 1961, he argued 32 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, successfully challenging racial segregation, most notably in public education. He won 29 of these cases, including a groundbreaking victory in 1954′s Brown v. Board of Education, in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation violated the 14th Amendment to the Constitution and was thus illegal. The decision served as a great impetus for the African American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and ultimately led to the abolishment of segregation in all public facilities and accommodations.

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the U.S. Court of Appeals, but his nomination was opposed by many Southern senators, and he was not confirmed until the next year. In June 1967, President Johnson nominated him to the Supreme Court, and in late August he was confirmed. During his 24 years on the high court, Associate Justice Marshall consistently challenged discrimination based on race or sex, opposed the death penalty, and supported the rights of criminal defendants. He also defended affirmative action and women’s right to abortion. As appointments by a largely Republican White House changed the politics of the Court, Marshall found his liberal opinions increasingly in the minority. He retired in 1991, and two years later passed away.

The New York Times began publishing excerpts from the “Pentagon Papers” on June 13, 1971.

After failing to persuade the Times to voluntarily cease publication on June 14, Attorney General John N. Mitchell and Nixon obtained a federal court injunction forcing the Times to cease publication after three articles.Times publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger said:

Newspapers, as our editorial said this morning, we’re really a part of history that should have been made available, considerably longer ago. I just didn’t feel there was any breach of national security, in the sense that we were giving secrets to the enemy.

The newspaper appealed the injunction, and the case New York Times Co. v. United States (403 U.S. 713) quickly rose through the U.S. legal system to the Supreme Court.

On June 18, 1971, The Washington Post began publishing its own series of articles based upon the Pentagon Papers; Ellsberg gave portions to editor Ben Bradlee. That day, Assistant U.S. Attorney General William Rehnquist asked the Post to cease publication. After the paper refused, Rehnquist sought an injunction in U.S. district court. Judge Murray Gurfein declined to issue such an injunction, writing that “[t]he security of the Nation is not at the ramparts alone. Security also lies in the value of our free institutions. A cantankerous press, an obstinate press, a ubiquitous press must be suffered by those in authority in order to preserve the even greater values of freedom of expression and the right of the people to know.” The government appealed that decision, and on June 26 the Supreme Court agreed to hear it jointly with the New York Times case.Fifteen other newspapers received copies of the study and began publishing it.

On June 30, 1971, the Supreme Court decided, 6–3, that the government failed to meet the heavy burden of proof required for prior restraint injunction. The nine justices wrote nine opinions disagreeing on significant, substantive matters.

Only a free and unrestrained press can effectively expose deception in government. And paramount among the responsibilities of a free press is the duty to prevent any part of the government from deceiving the people and sending them off to distant lands to die of foreign fevers and foreign shot and shell.

—Justice Black

Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Elections

The Golden Isles Republican Women’s Club hosted three state legislators saying they will run for reelection, according to The Brunswick News.

[State Rep. Buddy DeLoach] began his presentation with an explanation of the committees he serves on in, including as chairman of House ethics committee before announcing he’d seek another term representing House District 167.

“I’m already running as hard as I can run,” he said. “I seek your support in the next election.”

State Sen. Mike Hodges, representative of Senate District 3, has just completed his freshman session in the General Assembly. He described his first session as a gratifying experience before making his announcement for plans to seek another term in office.

State Rep. Rick Townsend, who represents District 179, also announced plans to seek another two-year term in office.

Tybee Island is battening-down the hatches for the Turnt Island weekend, according to the Savannah Morning News.

The City of Tybee Island is on high alert for the potential of another Orange Crush-like beach festival dubbed “Turnt Island.” The unsanctioned event is advertised for the weekend before July 4 and is billed as a follow-up to Orange Crush, claiming to bring more than 10,000 visitors.

Promotions for Turnt Island come after Tybee experienced its largest Orange Crush Festival to date earlier this year. The annual historically Black college and university beach bash drew a record 111,000 attendees over three days in April, overwhelming the island with cars and people and prompting city officials to strategize a regional public safety plan for similar pop-up events in the future.

Last month, Tybee passed a resolution to jumpstart talks with local leaders and state representatives about that plan and seek the authority to call a state of emergency to limit beach access and close U.S. 80, the only road on and off the island. However, because U.S. 80 is a state- and county-owned road and the beach is public, local officials need to coordinate with higher-level leaders.

According to Assistant City Manager Michelle Owens, more than 100 law enforcement officers and emergency medical personnel will be on the island for the holiday weekend. The city has secured housing for those employees, which include members from both state and local agencies such as the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Georgia State Patrol, and the Chatham County Sheriff’s Office.

Whitfield County’s Emergency Management Agency is giving away 300 weather radios to residents, according to the Dalton Daily Citizen News.

“We can’t stress enough the importance of having multiple ways to get weather alerts,” said Christina Byrd, coordinator for the Emergency Management Agency. “Your cellphone alerts are dependent on cellular service and internet connectivity. We’re so committed to this idea that we want to give you a NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather radio if you are a Whitfield County resident.”

Simply bring your photo ID to the Whitfield County Senior Center on June 21 between 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. The radios will be pre-programmed and ready for pick-up.

Hahira Police Department will receive more than $600,000 in grants to augment their public safety, according to the Valdosta Daily Times.

The state grants were part of an overall budget of $83.5 million for law enforcement agencies across Georgia to address staffing challenges that arose during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a statement from Gov. Brian Kemp’s office.

The grants will be used to supplement police staffing, reduce violent crime and invest in technology and equipment.

The grants include $275,847 for staffing, another $275,847 for community-oriented policing strategies and other moves to reduce violent crime in Hahira, and $52,521.50 for technology for expedited record verification and equipment to battle violent crime, according to the statement.

Funding for the awards comes from the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds program, created by the American Rescue Plan Act.

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