On February 4, 1789, George Washington was unanimously elected by the Electoral College as the first President of the United States; Washington’s runner-up John Adams served as Vice President. Washington would repeat the feat four years later on February 4, 1793.
On February 4, 1801, John Marshall took office as Chief Justice of the United States. Marshall continued to hold the post of Secretary of State until March 4th. In one of American history’s rich ironies, Marshall, who served at the same time in the judicial and legislative branches of the federal government, would write the Court’s opinion in Marbury v. Madison, establishing the supremacy of the Supreme Court in matters of applying the Constitution through judicial review and establishing the doctrine of separation of powers. Marshall would serve during the terms of six Presidents.
The first recorded reference to Groundhog Day was in 1841; the first Punxsutawney observance was in 1870.
The first recorded reference to Groundhog Day was in 1841; the first Punxsutawney observance was in 1870.
Atlanta City Council met for the first time on February 2, 1848.
On February 4, 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress convened in Montgomery, Alabama, where it would draft a Constitution for the Confederate States of America, beginning with a near-verbatim copy of the United States Constitution.
On February 2, 1870, the Georgia General Assembly ratified the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which states, “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
On February 3, 1870, the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified by Iowa, reaching the Constitutional threshold, and prohibiting racial discrimination in voting.
On February 3, 1887, Congress adopted the Electoral Count Act to clarify how Congress was to count electoral votes.
Electoral vote counting is the oldest activity of the national government and among the oldest questions of constitutional law. It was Congress’s first task when a quorum appeared in the nation’s new legislature on April 6, 1789. It has happened every four years since then. Yet, electoral vote counting remains one of the least understood aspects of our constitutional order.
The Electoral Count Act of 1887 (ECA) lies at the heart of this confusion. In enacting the ECA, Congress drew on lessons learned from its twenty-five previous electoral counts; it sorted through innumerable proposals floated before and after the disastrous presidential election of 1876; and it thrashed out the ECA’s specific provisions over fourteen years of sustained debate. Still, the law invites misinterpretation. The ECA is turgid and repetitious. Its central provisions seem contradictory. Many of its substantive rules are set out in a single sentence that is 275 words long. Proponents of the law admitted it was “not perfect.” Contemporary commentators were less charitable. John Burgess, a leading political scientist in the late nineteenth century, pronounced the law unwise, incomplete, premised on contradictory principles, and expressed in language that was “very confused, almost unintelligible.” At least he thought the law was constitutional; others did not.
Over the nearly 120 years since the ECA’s adoption, the criticisms faded, only to be renewed whenever there was a close presidential election. Our ability to misunderstand the ECA has grown over time. During the 2000 presidential election dispute, politicians, lawyers, commentators, and Supreme Court justices seemed prone to misstate or misinterpret the provisions of the law, even those provisions which were clear to the generation that wrote them. The Supreme Court, for example, mistakenly believed that the Supreme Court of Florida’s erroneous construction of its election code would deny Florida’s electors the ECA’s “safe harbor” protection; Florida Governor Jeb Bush’s hasty submission of his state’s Certificate of Ascertainment was untimely under the Act; and Democratic members of Congress framed their objections to accepting Florida’s electoral vote on the wrong grounds. Even Al Gore, the presidential candidate contesting the election’s outcome, misread the federal deadline for seating Florida’s electors.
Only the United States Congress could so obfuscate a matter as seemingly simple as counting that its Act remained undecipherable for more than one hundred years.
The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified by Delaware on February 3, 1913, giving the Amendment the requisite Constitutional supermajority of three-fourths of the states. The text of the Amendment reads, in its entirety,
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
President Woodrow Wilson died on February 3, 1924 in Washington, DC. Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia (pronounced Stan-ton) and spent most of his youth to age 14 in Augusta, Georgia. Wilson started practicing law in Atlanta, Georgia in 1882, leaving the next year to pursue a Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins University. His wife, Ellen Louise Axson, was from Savannah, and they married in Rome, Ga in 1885.
On February 2, 1932, Al Capone was sent to federal prison in Atlanta.
On February 3, 1959, a chartered Beechcraft Bonanza carrying Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson crashed near Mason City, Iowa, killing all aboard.
Jimi Hendrix recorded Purple Haze on February 3, 1967.
On February 4, 1976, the Georgia Senate approved a resolution previously passed by the State House proposing a Constitutional Amendment to allow Governors of Georgia to serve two consecutive terms and voters approved in November 1976. Then-Governor George Busbee won reelection in November 1978, and since then Democrat Roy Barnes is the only Georgia Governor to not win reelection.
On February 2, 1988, the Georgia Senate ratified the 22d Amendment to the United States Constitution, which provides that pay raises for Members of Congress shall not go into effect until the next term.
Early voting continues in Special Elections for Senate District 30 and House District 125. Gabriel Sterling, Chief Operating Officer for the Secretary of State’s Office, tweeted the following:
With 9 days early voting in 2 special elections in Georgia this is the turnout so far:
Early voting continues through Friday, Feb 9. Election Day will be Tuesday, Feb 13.
Pawfect pup alert! Dot was rescued from a kill shelter that needed to make room for more dogs. She is an absolute gem. Dot is sweet, gentle, calm, loving, affectionate, funny, happy-go-lucky and so friendly. She loves people, will do well with kids and she loves dogs! Oh my gosh she is so easy-going. Dot loves going for walks, she makes friends with dogs everywhere she goes. She seems to like kitties also.
When released into our play yard, she greets each neighbor dog with a friendly check and how-do-you-do. We can tell by the smile on her face and the happy wag of her tail that she is so happy to have been given a second chance to find her furever home. We’re not sure what Dot’s breeds are, she has a plott hound look or she could be a pibble mix, lab mix, but she is 100% terrific! She has a gorgeous silver colored brindle coat, sparkling eyes, and a pretty face. She only weighs 39 lbs and is fully grown. Best estimate is she’s around two years old. She’s a great medium size, not too big and not too small, just right.
Meet Finn. This uber cute puppy has known tremendous heartache and fear in his early life but since he’s been with us, he is thriving! He was so timid and frightened when he first arrived but Finn is full of confidence now! He is a handsome boy, thought to be a retriever mix, but it’s hard to know. He has a gorgeous blue/black coat with undermarkings similar to a Catahoula leopard dog. Finn also has a naturally docked tail. Finn is a snuggly little boy who can also be a ball of energy and movement. Finn loves to go for car rides and off site hikes, especially with his best friend Oliver. He has recently been taken to local events and he charms everyone he meets, then settles in for a nice snuggle with his person. Finn is an amazing little puppy who deserves so much more than growing up in a shelter.
Madison is a super friendly dog. Sadly, she has been with us for far too long. Madison suffered terribly when she was younger and we rescued her from a high kill shelter. For us, she is a shelter favorite with her high spirits and affectionate nature. She has a joy for living and she’d love nothing better than belonging to a family who loves her.
Madison is almost 4 years old now, living most of her young life behind bars or wandering the streets and now she’s been with us for over 2 years. She’s thought to be a golden retriever mix. She is gorgeous with a soft angora-like coat and lively eyes. She’s super smart. Madison is afraid of other dogs and will chase cats. She’ll need to be an only pet, but she has plenty of silliness and love to fill your world. She LOVES LOVES LOVES people and would probably love being around older kids, as well. She is a cuddler. Madison loves giving hugs and doggie kisses to those she loves. She thrives with attention. She is an active girl and an active lifestyle would suit her best. She loves being in the play yards where she’ll throw the jolly balls around and run and pounce after them. A fenced containment yard will be important for her happiness. Staff and volunteers have worked with Madison and she knows some commands.
Georgia’s first colonists landed at Yamacraw Bluff on February 1, 1733.
The United States Supreme Court held its first session in New York City, Chief Justice John Jay presiding, on February 1, 1790.
On February 1, 1861, Texas seceded from the Union.
On January 31, 1865, Robert E. Lee began service as Commander-in-Chief of the Confederate armies.
On January 31, 1865, Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, outlawing slavery.
On February 1, 1871, Jefferson Franklin Long of Macon, Georgia became the first black Member of Congress to speak on the floor of the United States House of Representatives. Long was born into slavery and taught himself to read and write. Long was a prominent member of the Republican Party, speaking on its behalf in Georgia and other Southern states. He helped elect 37 African-American members to the 1867 Georgia Constitutional Convention and 32 members of the state legislature; Long continued after his term in Congress as a delegate to Republican National Conventions through 1880. In 1880, Long’s support of Governor Alfred Colquitt showed that African-Americans could be an electoral force in Georgia politics.
General William Tecumseh Sherman visited Kimball Opera House in Atlanta on January 31, 1879, which was then serving as State Capitol, fifteen years after burning the city.
On January 31, 1893, the trademark for “Coca-Cola” was filed.
On February 1, 1965, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. arrived in Selma, Alabama, where he was arrested.
Richard M. Nixon announced his candidacy for President of the United States on Feburary 1, 1968.
Atlanta Braves pitcher John Rocker was suspended on January 31, 2000 for remarks made to ESPN.
On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia exploded while re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere.
TBD Senate Rules Committee: Upon Adj – 450 CAP
8:00 AM HOUSE INSURANCE – 406 CLOB
8:00 AM HOUSE AGRICULTURE – 606 CLOB
8:00 AM HOUSE W&M Sub Sales Tax – 403 CAP
8:00 AM HOUSE SMALL BUS DEV – 506 CLOB
8:00 AM Cancelled- Senate Natl Res & Envt – 450 CAP
8:15 AM HOUSE W&M Sub Pub Fin and Policy – 403 CAP
8:30 AM CANCELED – HOUSE MOTOR VEH – 415 CLOB
9:00 AM HOUSE CREATIVE ARTS & ENT — 403 CAP
10:00 AM HOUSE FLOOR SESSION (LD13) – House Chamber
10:00 AM Senate Floor Session (LD 13) – Senate Chamber
1:00 PM HOUSE HIGHER EDUCATION – 606 CLOB
1:00 PM HOUSE JUVENILE JUSTICE – 403 CAP
1:00 PM HOUSE Appropriations Sub Health – 515 CLOB
1:00 PM HOUSE PUB SAFETY & HOMELAND SEC – 506 CLOB
1:00 PM Senate Public Safety – 450 CAP
1:30 PM HOUSE Judy Non-Civil Hong Sub – 132 CAP
2:00 PM HOUSE TECH & INFRA INNOV – CLOB
2:00 PM Senate Insurance & Labor – Mezz 1 CAP
2:00 PM Senate Higher Education – 307 CLOB
3:00 PM HOUSE SPECIAL RULES – 415 CLOB
3:00 PM HOUSE GOVTAL AFFAIRS – 606 CLOB
3:00 PM HOUSE INDUSTRY & LABOR – 506 CLOB
3:00 PM Senate Health & HS – 450 CAP
4:00 PM Senate Finance – Mezz 1 CAP
5:00 PM Senate Vets, Mil, & HS – CLOB
Thursday, February 1, 2024
TBD Senate Rules: Upon Adj – 450 CAP
8:00 AM HOUSE NATL RES & ENVT – 606 CLOB
8:00 AM Cancelled- Senate Ethics – 307 CLOB
9:00 AM Senate Floor Session – Senate Chamber
12:00 PM Senate Children & Families – 307 CLOB
12:00 PM Senate Retirement – 310 CLOB
1:00 PM HOUSE TRANSPORTATION – 606 CLOB
1:00 PM HOUSE EDUCATION – 506 CLOB
1:00 PM Senate Judiciary – 307 CLOB
2:00 PM Cancelled- Senate Regulated Ind – 450 CAP
2:00 PM Cancelled- Senate Science & Tech – 310 CLOB
3:00 PM Cancelled – Senate Public Safety – 450 CAP
What has been will be again, what has been done will be done again; there is nothing new under the sun.
Today’s historical moments below combine to show some of the major influences on Georgia politics and governance since her founding, and how the same conflicts have played out across the world.
On January 30, 1788, the Georgia legislature passed a resolution calling for a state Constitutional Convention in Augusta to adopt a state Constitution that conformed to the new Constitution of the United States.
On January 30, 1862, the United States launced its first ironclad warship, USS Monitor.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York. In 1942, Roosevelt ordered Japanese-Americans on the west coast of the United States into concentration camps, leaving German and Italian Americans free.
On January 30, 1935, the Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr. protested segregated elevators at the Fulton County Courthouse.
On January 30, 1948, Mohandas K. Gandhi was assassinated.
Dale is a big boy who wants to be right next to his human. If he wasn’t leaning against me, he was standing in front of me with his back end posed to be scratched. Dale LOVES a good scratching and revs up a back leg as he enjoys it. It’s not hard to find his sweet spot! Dale is a good buddy, but it took forever for me to get a few photos-as soon as I’d step away for a shot, he’d step closer!
Jubilee was shy at first, but toys and treats paved the way to fun. She had the best time chasing toys and coming to me for treats. Her bunny ears are adorable!
On January 29, 1779, British forces captured Augusta, Georgia.
Walter F. George was born on January 29, 1878 in Preston, the county seat for Webster County, Georgia. Ron Daniels has a brief bio of the United States Senator who gave his name to a Law School, a courthouse, and a lake. The photo above is a bust in the town square of Vienna, Georgia, in Dooly County, where George made his home.
On January 29, 1892, the Coca Cola Company was incorporated in Georgia in Fulton County Superior Court.
On January 29, 1955, Georgia Governor Marvin Griffin signed legislation granting the power to take land needed for the Stone Mountain Park through condemnation if negotiations to buy it fell through.
On January 29, 1977, Congressman Andrew Young resigned his seat to accept the nomination by President Carter as United States Ambassador to the United Nations.
On January 29, 1998, a bomb exploded in a Birmingham, Alabama abortion clinic, killing a police officer. Eric Rudolph would later admit to setting that bomb, along with the Centennial Park bombing in 1996, and the bombing of a Sandy Springs abortion clinic and an Atlanta bar in 1997.
On January 29, 2020, Georgia Congressman Doug Collins announced he would run against Kelly Loeffler, who was appointed to the United States Senate by Gov. Brian Kemp.
“We’re in for the Georgia Senate race down here. I’ve still got a lot of work left to do to help this president finish this impeachment out, and we’re going to make a bigger announcement down here in Georgia,” he told the “Fox & Friends” hosts.
“The shortsightedness in this decision is stunning,” NRSC Executive Director Kevin McLaughlin said in a statement. “Doug Collins’ selfishness will hurt David Perdue, Kelly Loeffler, and President Trump. Not to mention the people of Georgia who stand to bear the burden of it for years to come. All he has done is put two senate seats, multiple house seats, and Georgia’s 16 electoral votes in play. The NRSC stands firmly behind Sen. Kelly Loeffler and urges anyone who wants to re-elect President Trump, hold the GOP senate majority, and stop socialism to do the same.”
Collins’ entrance into the race makes a runoff far more likely, which could potentially decide the balance of the Senate in a vote held in January, a month when most people are not accustomed to going to the polls.
Pen 217 is the temporary home for a 4-month old male Jack Russell Terrier mix puppy who is available for adoption from the Gwinnett County Animal Shelter in Lawrenceville, GA.
Pen 220 is the temporary home for a 4-month old male Labrador Retriever mix puppy who is available for adoption from the Gwinnett County Animal Shelter in Lawrenceville, GA.
On January 28, 1733, Georgia’s first colonists celebrated a day of thanksgiving for their safe arrival in Savannah and Chief Tomochichi’s granting them permission to settle on the Yamacraw Bluff.
On January 29, 1779, British forces captured Augusta, Georgia.
On January 27, 1785, a charter was approved by the Georgia legislature for the first publicly-supported state university in America.
The Supreme Court of Georgia held its first meeting on January 26, 1846 at Talbotton, Georgia.
John Sammons Bell was born on January 26, 1914 in Macon, Georgia. He would go on to serve as Chairman of the Democratic Party of Georgia, as a Judge on the Georgia Court of Appeals, and as chief judge of the appellate court. He is today best known as the designer of the state flag featuring the Confederate battle flag, which was adopted by the General Assembly in 1956.
On January 25, 1915, a charter was issued in DeKalb County Superior Court to Emory University.
On January 27, 1941, Delta Air Lines announced it would move its headquarters from Monroe, Louisiana to Atlanta, Georgia. It was an interesting case of public-money-fueled economic development.
In 1940, the city of Atlanta and Delta had signed an agreement whereby the city agreed to contribute $50,000 for construction of a new hanger and office building for Delta if it would move its headquarters to Atlanta. In turn, Delta agreed to pay the remaining construction costs and then assume a 20-year lease for the new facilities. On Jan. 16, 1941, Delta had secured a $500,000 loan from Atlanta’s Trust Company of Georgia, thus allowing it to make a public announcement of the move.
On January 25, 1943, Georgia Gov. Ellis Arnall signed legislation eliminating the governor as an ex officio member of the State Board of Education, State Board of Regents, Department of Public Safety, and State Housing Authority, as part of a proposal to reduce the Governor’s power over education.
On January 28, 1943, Governor Ellis Arnall signed a joint resolution of the Georgia House and Senate amending the Georgia Constitution to make the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia a constitutional board and reduce the power of the Governor over the Regents.
The movement to a constitutional board came after the loss of accreditation of all Georgia state higher education institutions for white people. The previous Governor, Eugene Talmadge, had engineered the firing of UGA’s Dean of the College of Education; after the Board of Regents initially refused to fire the Dean, Talmadge dismissed three members, and replaced them with new appointees who voted for the firing. Talmadge lost the 1942 election to Arnall.
On January 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy held the first live televised press conference.
On January 27, 1965, the Shelby GT 350 was unveiled.
Otis Redding’s “Dock of the Bay” was released on January 27, 1965, seven weeks after his death.
On January 28, 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff as many Americans watched on live television. President Ronald Reagan addressed the loss of seven astronauts.
Reagan had originally been scheduled to give his State of the Union that evening, but cancelled the speech. His address on the Challenger disaster was written by Peggy Noonan. The speech written by Noonan and delivered by Reagan is ranked as one of the top ten political speeches of the 20th Century.
On January 26, 2001 a new state flag, first designed by Atlanta architect Cecil Alexander, passed out of committee in the General Assembly by a 4-3 vote and would be voted on later that week. Click here to view the floor debate from 2001.
TBD Senate Rules: Upon Adj – 450 CAP
9:00 AM House FLOOR SESSION (LD10) – House Chamber
9:00 AM Senate Floor Session (LD 10) – Senate Chamber
11:00 AM HOUSE INTRAGOVTAL COORD – 341 CAP
1:00 PM Canceled- Senate Joint Higher Ed, Ed & Youth – 450 CAP
Attorneys for former President Donald Trump joined the motion of a co-defendant to remove Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis from the prosecution, according to Atlanta News First via WALB.Continue Reading..