Union General Irvin McDowell’s forces engaged Confederates under General Pierre G.T. Beauregard and General Joseph Johnston at the First Battle of Manassas/Bull Run on July 21, 1861.
General William Tecumseh Sherman gained the upper hand in the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864. Estimated casualties were 12,140 (3,641 Union, 8,499 Confederate).
On July 21, 1868, the Georgia General Assembly ratified the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution as a condition for readmission.
Sir Edmund Hillary was born on July 20, 1919 in Auckland, New Zealand. He and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay became the first to summit Mount Everest on May 29, 1953.
When the lunar module lands at 4:18 p.m EDT, only 30 seconds of fuel remain. Armstrong radios “Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed.” Mission control erupts in celebration as the tension breaks, and a controller tells the crew “You got a bunch of guys about to turn blue, we’re breathing again.”
At 10:56 p.m. EDT Armstrong is ready to plant the first human foot on another world. With more than half a billion people watching on television, he climbs down the ladder and proclaims: “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Aldrin joins him shortly, and offers a simple but powerful description of the lunar surface: “magnificent desolation.” They explore the surface for two and a half hours, collecting samples and taking photographs.
They leave behind an American flag, a patch honoring the fallen Apollo 1 crew, and a plaque on one of Eagle’s legs. It reads, “Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind.”
On July 22, 1975, the United States House of Representatives voted to restore U.S. Citizenship to General Robert E. Lee posthumously.
Though President Andrew Johnson issued a proclamation of amnesty and pardon to the Southern rebels in 1865, it required Lee to apply separately. On Oct. 2, 1865, the same day that Lee was inaugurated as president of Washington College in Lexington, Va., he signed the required amnesty oath and filed an application through Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
Nonetheless, neither was Lee pardoned, nor was his citizenship restored. After receiving it, Secretary of State William Seward gave Lee’s application to a friend as a souvenir. Meanwhile, State Department officials, apparently with Seward’s approval, pigeonholed the oath.
In 1970, an archivist, examining State Department records at the National Archives, found Lee’s lost oath. That discovery helped set in motion a five-year congressional effort to restore citizenship to the general, who had died stateless in 1870.
President Gerald Ford signed the congressional resolution on July 24, 1975, correcting what he said was a 110-year oversight. The signing ceremony took place at Arlington House in Virginia, the former Lee family home. Several Lee descendants, including Robert E. Lee V, his great-great-grandson, attended.
On July 22, 1977, Elvis Costello released his first album, My Aim is True.
Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton gave the speech nominating Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis for President on July 20, 1988 at the Democratic National Convention in Atlanta. Dukakis accepted the nomination the next day.
Clinton’s performance was widely panned.
[Clinton] bombed so badly that there was speculation it might spoil his political future.
The prime-time speech would be a perfect opportunity for Clinton to regain some of the ground he’d lost to Gore and to reestablish himself as the one to watch from the party’s moderate/Southern wing.
But he blew it. The speech he delivered was long – 33 minutes, or twice the expected length – and mechanical. It only took a few minutes for convention delegates to tune him out, as the din of their conversations began drowning him out on television. Eventually, the broadcast networks began cutting away from his speech, with commentators noting the crowd’s complete lack of interest. The lowlight came when Clinton uttered the words “In closing,” prompting a spontaneous round of sarcastic cheers from the audience. His home state paper summed it up this way:
ATLANTA Gov. Bill Clinton’s big national moment his prime time speech Wednesday night in nomination of Michael Dukakis was an unmitigated disaster.
On July 21, 1988, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis accepted the Democratic nomination for President at the National Convention in Atlanta.
Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Elections
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Vice President Mike Pence will headline a rally for Brian Kemp in Macon on Saturday, according to the Macon Telegraph.
The White House confirmed the news to The Associated Press on Thursday, one day after President Donald Trump tweeted his “full and total endorsement” for Kemp in the runoff against Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle.
Doors open at 2 p.m., and the event begins at 4 p.m., according to the Kemp campaign. Those wishing attend the free event must register in advance.
The middle Georgia area surrounding Macon has been targeted by the Kemp campaign as a key pickup opportunity in the lead-up to next week’s runoff. Cagle carried Bibb County in May’s primary with 35 percent of the vote, compared to Kemp’s 26 percent.
The vice president has become a frequent presence in Georgia, stumping for Trump during the 2016 campaign and Karen Handel’s bid for the 6th Congressional District. He also recently quarterbacked an event touting the GOP tax bill and visited Savannah’s St. Patrick’s Day Festival.
Pence also has another connection to Georgia. His top aide, Nick Ayers, is a Georgia native who was an adviser to Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue and his first-cousin, U.S. Sen. David Perdue.
Lieutenant Governor Casey Cagle and Senate Agriculture Committee Chair John Wilkinson attended the ribbon-cutting at the new John K. Wilkinson Hall at the FFA-FCCLA Camp in Covington, according to the Rockdale and Newton Citizens.
More than 400 people, including Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle, gathered at the FFA-FCCLA Center in Covington Thursday for the dedication of the new John K. Wilkinson Dining Hall, named in honor of former FFA Program Manager and current State Sen. John Wilkinson.
“I think that really does characterize Sen. Wilkinson. Everything that he has ever done has not been about himself,” Cagle said. “It has not been about how he can have a name on a plaque. He probably never dreamed that he would have his name on this building. That’s not what he is or who he is. What he is about is giving, and he has given to ag education in a wonderful way… We have seen a tremendous growth and impact in ag education because of his service and his willingness to give.
“All of us in this room here today are looking at a beautiful facility, a facility that will stand the test of time and be an example for so many of our young people, the next generation. The thing that I love about Sen. Wilkinson is he does focus on the next generation and has for his entire career.”
“I learned early on the impact that agricultural education can have on a young person’s life, and that has stuck with me throughout the years,” Wilkinson said. “I appreciate from the bottom of my heart everyone taking the time to be here today.”
Wilkinson also expressed his appreciation to Cagle, who is in the midst of a runoff for the Republican candidacy for governor.
“It really says something to me that he was willing to come here today to be with you FFA and FCCLA members and talk to you and share his story,” Wilkinson said, “because I can assure you and a lot of other people that it would probably have helped him more to be in other areas today.
Lt. Gov. Cagle campaigned at the Redneck Gourmet in Newnan, according to the Newnan Times-Herald.
Former U.S. Rep. Lynn Westmoreland and Coweta County Sheriff Mike Yeager were on hand to show their support for Cagle, who called their presence “a great honor.”
“I am so thrilled and excited to be back here in Newnan and to have the great Lynn Westmoreland here and also the sheriff,” Cagle said. “You guys have the best sheriff in the entire state. He’s a good, good man.”
Cagle touted the nation’s first German-style apprenticeship program, piloted in Coweta County three years ago, of which is he has been a staunch supporter. He promised a continuation of Georgia’s economic growth, an increase in better-paying jobs and a decrease in the state income tax – “way down below 5 percent.”
“Casey mentioned something about somebody coming out and endorsing Casey’s opponent yesterday,” Westmoreland said. “He is the president of the United States and I’m an average citizen. But you know the difference? I know Casey Cagle. The president wouldn’t know Casey’s opponent if he got in a cab with him.”
Cagle also campaigned in South Forsyth County, according to the Gainesville Times.
Several state and community leaders were in attendance at the event, including state Sen. David Shafer, sole Forsyth County District 1 Commissioner candidate Molly Cooper and a host of former county officials.
“I do not believe for one minute that Georgia is ready to let Washington D.C decide who the next governor is going to be,” Cagle said.
He explained that while he admires the president, he valued the endorsement of Gov. Nathan Deal highest of all.
“Gov. Deal knows the state of Georgia … He has been up, down, side to side and he knows his state,” Cagle said. “There is no one that I would rather have their endorsement than our great governor, Nathan Deal.”
Senate President Pro Tem Butch Miller will join a trade delegation to China next week, according to the Gainesville Times.
“There are a 100 or so Chinese companies that have a presence in Georgia and we will call on a lot of those companies,” Miller said. “We will also visit companies that are giving consideration to opening up in Georgia.”
“I think there are more Georgia businesses in China than there are Chinese businesses in Georgia,” he said.
Roy Minter, the new Savannah Police Chief, talked to the Savannah Morning News about his priorities.
“Let me start by complimenting the work the men and women of the Savannah police department are currently doing,” he said. “My first goal is to reduce crime in all the communities. The second goal I have is to continue to build on the great relationships and partnerships that we have in our community. And my third goal is to operate the department with maximum efficiency and making the best use of our resources and funding that’s been made available. . . . I’ll have an opportunity to talk with the leadership in the police department and be able to talk collectively about those three goals about what we can do to continue to move this great city and police department forward.”
A key step in achieving those goals will be building bridges with both the community and other agencies, he said.
“I’ve already had a great conversation with Chief Hadley,” he said. “We had a great conversation with some of the cooperative work already occurring between the (county and city police) departments and I will be continuing to reach out to other departments. I’ll be continuing to build on those relationships.” Jeff Hadley is the Chatham County Police chief.
“There is a great leadership team in place here in the city of Savannah,” he said. “There are some great professionals who are tasked with public safety for the city. . . . When you have that strong support from your elected officials it is a great and strong vote of confidence for you as a department director.”
The Glynn County Commission adopted a new tree ordinance for St Simons Island, according to The Brunswick News.
Former Bibb County Superintendent Romain Dallemand took the stand in a federal trial, according to the Macon Telegraph.
Romain Dallemand, the controversial and embattled ex-superintendent of Bibb County schools, took the stand Thursday as a government witness in the federal trial of a Macon tech firm’s CEO who is accused of defrauding the school district in a multimillion-dollar computing deal.
Dallemand’s 50-minute appearance in U.S. District Court here was — at least for those who have followed the tumult during and in the wake of his 28-month tenure as the county’s education boss — the main attraction of this week’s proceedings.
[Isaac] Culver, 48, is accused of conspiracy to commit wire and mail fraud and conspiracy to launder the proceeds of unlawful activity. The allegations stem from a 2012 deal in which Bibb schools paid $3.76 million for computers and services to an Ohio firm.
Peachtree Corners Mayor Mike Mason delivered the State of the City address, according to the Gwinnett Daily Post.
Gwinnett County Commissioners created a new Animal Control Hearing Board, according to the Gwinnett Daily Post.
The five-member board will begin Aug. 1 with county commissioners picking residents to serve one-year terms on the panel. Each commissioner will get to appoint one person to the board.
“The purpose of the Animal Control Hearing Board is to receive and hear dangerous dog and vicious dog hearing requests and act upon them in a timely and reasonable manner,” Gwinnett Community Services Director Tina Fleming told commissioners this week.
The federal Rural Strong-Georgia program for economic development kicks off in Hall County on July 25, according to the Gainesville Times.
As part of the day-long event, the team will visit Mountain Fresh Creamery in Clermont at 9:30, a small business that has used SBA, USDA services; meet with area lending institutions to increase entrepreneur’s access to capital; and conclude with a kickoff event at noon at Jaemor Farms in Alto.
The kickoff event is open to the public and will include multiple resources for entrepreneurs ranging from loan programs, counseling programs, assistance in government contracting, exporting, and much more.