On April 28, 1776, Colonel Lachlan McIntosh wrote from Savannah to General George Washington.
he concluded his letter with the report that because the South had limited manufacturing capability, the price of needed goods was two or three times higher than in the North, making procurement of clothing and arms for the new recruits difficult.
This last tidbit would prove prescient as lack of manufacturing proved an insuperable problem for the Confederacy. On May 16, 1777, McIntosh dueled against Button Gwinnett, scoring a fatal wound against one of Georgia’s signers of the Declaration of Independence. McIntosh was acquitted at trial but forced to leave Georgia and eventually served under Washington at Valley Forge.
In 1787, McIntosh was a Commissioner representing Georgia in a series of three boundary disputes with South Carolina, two which were resolved on April 28, 1787 with the Convention of Beaufort.
George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America in New York City on April 30, 1789. From Washington’s inaugural address:
it would be peculiarly improper to omit in this first official act my fervent supplications to that Almighty Being who rules over the universe, who presides in the councils of nations, and whose providential aids can supply every human defect, that His benediction may consecrate to the liberties and happiness of the people of the United States a Government instituted by themselves for these essential purposes, and may enable every instrument employed in its administration to execute with success the functions allotted to his charge.
In tendering this homage to the Great Author of every public and private good, I assure myself that it expresses your sentiments not less than my own, nor those of my fellow-citizens at large less than either.
No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the Invisible Hand which conducts the affairs of men more than those of the United States.
On April 30, 1803, negotiators from France and the United States finished discussions of the Louisiana Purchase, which would double the size of the country.
By the middle of the 18th century, France controlled more of the modern United States than any other European power: from New Orleans northeast to the Great Lakes and northwest to modern-day Montana. In 1762, during the French and Indian War, France ceded its America territory west of the Mississippi River to Spain and in 1763 transferred nearly all of its remaining North American holdings to Great Britain. Spain, no longer a dominant European power, did little to develop Louisiana Territory during the next three decades. In 1796, Spain allied itself with France, leading Britain to use its powerful navy to cut off Spain from America.In 1801, Spain signed a secret treaty with France to return Louisiana Territory to France.
Reports of the retrocession caused considerable uneasiness in the United States. Since the late 1780s, Americans had been moving westward into the Ohio and Tennessee River valleys, and these settlers were highly dependent on free access to the Mississippi River and the strategic port of New Orleans. U.S. officials feared that France, resurgent under the leadership of Napoleon Bonaparte, would soon seek to dominate the Mississippi River and access to the Gulf of Mexico.
U.S. envoys agreed to pay $11,250,000 and assumed claims of its citizens against France in the amount of $3,750,000. In exchange, the United States acquired the vast domain of Louisiana Territory, some 828,000 square miles of land. In October, Congress ratified the purchase, and in December 1803 France formally transferred authority over the region to the United States. The acquisition of the Louisiana Territory for the bargain price of less than three cents an acre was Thomas Jefferson’s most notable achievement as president.
In 1874, the Georgia General Assembly passed legislation designating April 26th of each year as “Confederate Memorial Day,” choosing the day of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s surrender to Union General William T. Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina. There is no longer a statutorily-recognized Confederate Memorial Day, but it has become custom for Governors to issue a proclamation yearly designating April 26th as Confederate Memorial Day or to make it the Monday or Friday closest to the 26th.
On April 30, 1886, former Confederate President Jefferson Davis stopped in LaGrange, Georgia en route to Atlanta for the unveiling of a monument to Benjamin Hill. On May 1, 1886, Jefferson Davis visited the Benjamin Hill monument at Peachtree and West Peachtree Streets in Atlanta, having arrived the previous day.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt made his fourth trip to Georgia on April 29, 1926, closing on the purchase of property at Warm Springs, Ga.
Dachau concentration camp was liberated by American troops on April 29, 1945. At least 31,951 inmates died there, more than 30,000 survivors were found on liberation day, and more than 250,000 passed through the camp and its subcamps.
Dobbins Air Force Base was dedicated on April 29, 1950, named for in honor of the late Capt. Charles M. Dobbins and in memory of the other servicemen from Cobb County. Dobbins was shot down over Sicily in 1943 and his family attended the opening of the base.
Kennesaw, Georgia City Council adopted an ordinance on May 1, 1982 requiring each household to own a gun and ammunition.
(a) In order to provide for the emergency management of the city, and further in order to provide for and protect the safety, security and general welfare of the city and its inhabitants, every head of household residing in the city limits is required to maintain a firearm, together with ammunition therefore.
(b) Exempt from the effect of this section are those heads of households who suffer a physical or mental disability which would prohibit them from using such a firearm. Further exempt from the effect of this section are those heads of households who are paupers or who conscientiously oppose maintaining firearms as a result of beliefs or religious doctrine, or persons convicted of a felony.
Atlanta was selected as the host city for the 1996 Summer Olympics on April 29, 1988.
Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Elections
President Donald Trump speaks today at the NRA Convention at the World Congress Center at 12:30 PM. At 1 PM, a fundraiser featuring the President and benefiting Karen Handel’s congressional campaign begins, with the program at 2:30. Expect traffic delays in downtown all afternoon. Bigly.
Cobb County Commissioner Bob Ott told the MDJ he’ll be attending the event.
“It’s exciting because any time you have the opportunity to meet the president of the United States, it’s a big deal,” Ott said. “The fact that the president is taking time out of his busy schedule to be involved in the 6th District race shows the national significance of the race.”
Governor Deal was in a bill-signing mode, yesterday, inking ten pieces of legislation from this year’s General Assembly.
HB 139 – Education; provide transparency of financial information of local school systems and schools; provisions; signed April 27, 2017
HB 198 – Elementary and secondary education; influenza vaccine; provide information; signed April 27, 2017
HB 224 – Quality Basic Education Act; military student may attend any school in local system; provide; signed April 27, 2017
HB 237 – Public Education Innovation Fund Foundation; receive private donations for grants to public schools; provisions; signed April 27, 2017
HB 338 – Education; system of supports and assistance for low-performing schools in the greatest need; provisions; signed April 27, 2017
HB 37 – Education; private postsecondary institutions in Georgia shall not adopt sanctuary policies; provide; signed April 27, 2017
HB 430 – Governor’s Education Reform Commission; charter schools; implement recommendations; signed April 27, 2017
HB 437 – Agricultural Education Advisory Commission; recreate; signed April 27, 2017
SB 186 – Education; HOPE; students who earned high school diploma through dual coursework are eligible; associate degree; clarify; signed April 27, 2017
SB 211 – Student Assessments;consideration of local reading programs; research based formative assessments; summative component; provide; signed April 27, 2017
Gov. Nathan Deal today signed HB 338, legislation sponsored by Rep. Kevin Tanner, which aims to improve education outcomes for Georgia’s students. This critical and bipartisan bill provides a method for identifying low-performing schools and establishes a multiyear, multifaceted turnaround plan to assist them. Deal also signed legislation addressing sanctuary policies, increased school choice opportunities for military children, testing standards, and governance and funding of charter schools.
“Georgia remains committed to improving our state’s education system by increasing student access to high-performing schools and learning environments conducive to today’s academic standards,” said Deal. “To that end, Rep. Tanner has worked tirelessly with my office, members of the General Assembly and other stakeholders on HB 338. By focusing improvement efforts and education resources on our lowest-performing schools, our most vulnerable students will have greater opportunities for success. The educational investments in this legislation will produce long-term benefits for students, families and communities by ensuring education outcome is not hindered by zip code, but rather enhanced by state support and local accountability. I want to thank Rep. Tanner, members of the General Assembly and many others who worked together for the benefit of Georgia’s current and future students.”
“It has been a true honor to work closely with Gov. Deal and his incredible team on HB 338,” said Tanner. “I believe that working to improve our state’s low-performing schools can have a greater impact on the future of our state than any other issue we could address as a General Assembly. I appreciate Gov. Deal’s leadership in this area, and I look forward to continuing to work with his staff and the State Board of Education to put this plan into real action.”
In addition to HB 338, signed legislation includes:
• HB 37, sponsored by Rep. Earl Ehrhart
• HB 139, sponsored by Rep. Dave Belton
• HB 198, sponsored by Rep. Katie Dempsey
• HB 224, sponsored by Rep. Dave Belton
• HB 237, sponsored by Rep. Brooks Coleman
• HB 430, sponsored by Rep. Buzz Brockway
• HB 437, sponsored by Rep. Robert Dickey
• SB 186, sponsored by Sen. Lindsey Tippins
• SB 211, sponsored by Sen. Lindsey Tippins
State Senator Michael Williams, determined not to be left out of any news cycle discussing possible 2018 candidates for Governor, has launched a new splash page suggesting a statewide run is imminent.
The Cumming Republican has unveiled a new website (“Williams for Georgia 2018”) that includes an attack on “career politicians pushing us further down the road to less freedom and more government!” Not that he has Cagle in mind.
Williams, a businessman who once owned a chain of Sport Clips barber shops, has hinted repeatedly he would run for governor in 2018 after Donald Trump’s victory.
His strategist, Seth Weathers, said Williams has been encouraged by people “looking for a viable candidate for governor other than the same career politicians.”
“As the first Republican elected official in Georgia to endorse Trump, a lot of that core Trump base is looking to Williams as someone who can carry that mantle at the state level,” said Weathers. “He’s leaving all options open.”
Kennesaw City Council member Andy Morris called his colleague Philip Goldstein “lazy.”
The sparring match took place during the council’s Judicial and Legislative Committee.
It’s actually an interesting debate on the role of elected city council members versus appointed board members.