General William Tecumseh Sherman issued Special Field Order No. 120 on November 9, 1864.
Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, in the Field, Kingston, Georgia, November 9, 1864
5. To corps commanders alone is intrusted the power to destroy mills, houses, cotton-gins, etc.; and for them this general principle is laid down: In districts and neighborhoods where the army is unmolested, no destruction of such property should be permitted; but should guerrillas or bushwhackers molest our march, or should the inhabitants burn bridges, obstruct roads, or otherwise manifest local hostility, then army commanders should order and enforce a devastation more or less relentless, according to the measure of such hostility.
6. As for horses, mules, wagons, etc., belonging to the inhabitants, the cavalry and artillery may appropriate freely and without limit; discriminating, however, between the rich, who are usually hostile, and the poor and industrious, usually neutral or friendly. Foraging-parties may also take mules or horses, to replace the jaded animals of their trains, or to serve as pack-mules for the regiments of brigades. In all foraging, of whatever kind, the parties engaged will refrain abusive or threatening language, and may, where the officer in command thinks proper, given written certificates of the facts, but no receipts; and they will endeavor to leave with each family a reasonable portion for their maintenance.
7. Negroes who are able-bodied and can be of service to the several columns may be taken along; but each army commander will bear in mind that the question of supplies is a very important one, and this his first duty is to see to those who bear arms.
8. The organization, at once, of a good pioneer battalion for each army corps, composed if possible of Negroes, should be attended to. This battalion should follow the advance-guard, repair roads and double them if possible, so that the columns will not be delayed after reaching bad places.
Former Confederate General John B. Gordon was sworn-in as Governor of Georgia on November 9, 1886.
On November 9, 1938, Kristallnacht began the organized destruction and looting of Jewish businesses and homes in Munich, Germany.
On November 9, 1989, the former East Germany announced that citizens could cross the border to West Germany. That night, crowds began tearing down sections of the wall that divided the city.
Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Elections
Last night and this morning, much of Governor Nathan Deal‘s legacy was decided.
The Opportunity School District Amendment was overwhelmingly rejected by voters, losing by a 60-40 margin. From the Augusta Chronicle,
Amendment 1, otherwise known as Opportunity School District, failed across Georgia on Tuesday after being rejected by around 60 percent of statewide voters.
More than 55 percent of Richmond County voters opposed the bill (40,661 to 32,756).
“Look, Nathan Deal’s a great man and I agree with a lot of things he’s accomplished,” said Richmond County school board member Jimmy Atkins, who represents District 8. “But right now he’s a lame-duck governor. By the time Opportunity School District truly gets going, he won’t be in office to take the fall.”
Lyn Chandler, Baldwin County Board of Education chairman, spoke for the board in an interview with The Union-Recorder Tuesday night.
“As you know, a majority of the board supported opposition to amendment one,” Chandler said. “The board did not feel like that was the best route to go. We’re pleased that amendment one did not pass.”
“I think what it’s going to do is cause some interest in looking at ways to improve public education. The fact that that it did come into play and it was on the ballot — that’s a good thing,” Chandler said. “Hopefully we’ll move forward and continue to look for ways to improve our public education.”
“We already have so much in place to help schools,” said Faith Collins, chair of the Rome Board of Education. “I’m surprised that this was even brought up as an option.”
“I think the amendment not passing is a good thing for local control,” said John Jackson, superintendent of Floyd County Schools. “I have felt all along that this amendment was simply a duplication of services. The state DOE has measures in place to help failing schools. I feel like this was a wrong move.”
Lou Byars, interim superintendent of Rome City Schools, said he felt that while the legislature had the best interests of Georgia students in mind, the OSD is not a solution.
“Their heart was in the right place, but they do not know our schools and our community,” Byars said.
Chip Hood, chair of Floyd County’s Board of Education, said he is pleased that Georgia voters
trust local boards, but he does want something to be done about failing schools.
“I think that failing schools is a problem that needs to be addressed,” Hood said. “But the focus needs to be on those schools and those districts. I do feel good that the citizens of Rome and Floyd County have made it clear that the Rome City and Floyd County school boards are doing everything we can to help our schools.”
Another piece of Gov. Deal’s legacy was cemented this morning when he nominated three members of the Georgia Supreme Court and two new members of the Georgia Court of Appeals.
Georgia Supreme Court
Gov. Nathan Deal today announced the appointment of the Honorable Michael Boggs, the Honorable Britt Grant and the Honorable Nels S. D. Peterson as justices of the Supreme Court of Georgia. Boggs will fill the vacancy created by the resignation of the Honorable Hugh Thompson. Grant and Peterson will fill new seats created by the passage of House Bill 927 during the 2016 session of the Georgia General Assembly. The appointments will take effect Jan. 1, 2017.
Boggs currently serves as a judge on the Georgia Court of Appeals. He was previously a superior court judge in the Waycross Judicial Circuit. Boggs earned a bachelor’s degree from Georgia Southern University and a law degree from the Walter F. George School of Law at Mercer University. He and his wife, Heather, reside in Blackshear.
Grant serves as the solicitor general in the office of the Georgia Attorney General. She previously served as counsel for legal policy in the Georgia Attorney General’s office and worked as an associate attorney in the firm of Kirkland and Ellis in Washington, D.C. Grant earned a bachelor’s degree from Wake Forest University and a law degree from Stanford Law School. She and her husband, Justin, have three children and reside in Atlanta.
Nels S. D. Peterson
Peterson currently serves as a judge on the Georgia Court of Appeals. He was Georgia’s first solicitor general, a position created in 2012. Peterson earned a bachelor’s degree from Kennesaw State University and a law degree from Harvard Law School. He and his wife, Jennifer, have two children and reside in Marietta.
Georgia Court of Appeals
Gov. Nathan Deal today announced the appointment of Sen. Charlie Bethel and the Honorable Tillman E. “Tripp” Self III to the Georgia Court of Appeals. Bethel and Self will fill the vacancies created by the appointments of the Honorable Michael Boggs and the Honorable Nels D. Peterson to the Supreme Court of Georgia. The appointments will take effect Jan. 1, 2017.
Sen. Charlie Bethel
Bethel is the owner of Bethel Resolutions, a dispute resolution service. He currently serves as a state senator for the 54th District in the Georgia General Assembly. Bethel earned a bachelor’s degree from the Terry College of Business at the University of Georgia and a law degree from the University of Georgia School of Law. He and his wife, Lynsey, have three children and reside in Dalton.
Tillman E. “Tripp” Self III
Self serves as the chief judge of the superior court of the Macon Judicial Circuit. He is a veteran of the U.S. Army. Self earned a bachelor’s degree from The Citadel and a law degree from the University of Georgia School of Law. He and his wife, Amy, have four children and reside in Macon.
The appointment of Sen. Charlie Bethel to the Court of Appeals opens a vacancy in his Senate seat for District 54, as well as opening the Chairmanship of the Senate Insurance & Labor Committee.
Congratulations to Meagan Hanson, who pulled out a squeaker over incumbent Democrat Taylor Bennett to win election to represent House District 80, which means that she represents me and Mrs. GaPundit in the State House.
In Gwinnett County, two Republican incumbents had mixed results in yesterday’s election.
State Rep. Joyce Chandler won her reelection by less than a percentage point in House District 105, while State Rep. Valerie Clark (R) lost by just over one percentage point in House District 101.
State Rep. Mike Cheokas (R-Americus) lost narrowly to former Americus Mayor Bill McGowan.
For those of you wishing to go to Washington or work in the federal government in Georgia under the new Donald J. Trump administration, we recommend checking out the Plum Book, the official guide to positions that the President can appoint. The 2016 version should be published soon.
Senator Janice VanNess, elected last December in a special runoff election in Senate District 43 lost to Democrat Tonya Anderson, whom Van Ness beat out previously.