President elect Abraham Lincoln arrived in Washington, DC on February 23, 1861.
On February 23, 1945, United States Marines raised the American flag on Mount Suribachi, the highest point on the Pacific island Iwo Jima.
This first flag-raising was photographed by Marine photographer Sgt. Louis R. Lowery. On Lowery’s way down Mt. Suribachi, he ran into AP photographer Joe Rosenthal and two other Marine photographers, PFC Bob Campbell and PFC Bill Genaust, who was shooting movies, informing them that the flag-raising they were looking for had already occurred, but encouraging them to check out the view from the top of the hill. The three men continued up the volcano.
Once atop Mt. Suribachi, Rosenthal attempted but was unable to find the soldiers involved in the first flag-raising, deciding instead to photograph the second flag-raising, which featured a much bigger and more photogenic Stars and Stripes. Lowery’s film was sent back to military headquarters for processing via ordinary army post–and took a month to arrive. Rosenthal’s film was sent by seaplane to Guam, and sent from there via radio-photo to the United States. The photograph so impressed President Roosevelt that he ordered the men pictured in it to return home for a publicity tour. Rosenthal later won a Pulitzer Prize for the photo, but for years was forced to deny erroneous reports that he personally staged the second flag-raising and attempted to pass it off as the original.
Although the famous photograph has long led people to believe that the flag-raising was a turning point in the fight for Iwo Jima, vicious fighting to control the island actually continued for 31 more days.
Today, the first and second flags flown atop Mt. Suribachi are held at the National Museum of the Marine Corps in Triangle, Virginia.
On February 23, 1954, the first children in the U.S. were inoculated against polio using a vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas Salk.
The Sons of the American Revolution and Daughter of the American Revolution held a ceremony to honor the 284th Birthday of George Washington. The Gainesville Times has some photos from this neat event.
Under the Gold Dome
SENATE COMMITTEE MEETINGS
8:15 AM APPROPRIATIONS – Fiscal managment subcommittee 450 CAP
12:00 PM RULES – UPON ADJOURNMENT 450 CAP
1:00 PM GOVERNMENT OVERSIGHT 125 CAP
1:00 PM APPROP – Transportation Sub MEZZ 1
1:00 PM APPROP – Judicial Sub 341 CAP
1:00 PM ETHICS -CANCELED 307 CLOB
2:00 PM STATE AND LOCAL GOV’TAL OPS 125 CAP
2:00 PM RETIREMENT 310 CLOB
2:00 PM APPROP – Community health sub 341 CAP
2:00 PM APPROP – Ag & Nat’l Res Sub MEZZ 1
2:00 PM JUDICIARY 307 CLOB
3:00 PM BANKING AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 310 CLOB
3:00 PM NAT’L RES & ENVT – CANCELED 450 CAP
3:30 PM APPROPRIATIONS – Public Safety Sub MEZZ 1
4:00 PM APPROPRIATIONS – Bonds sub 341 CAP
4:00 PM JUDICIARY NON-CIVIL 307 CLOB
4:00 PM TRANSPORTATION 450 CAP
HOUSE COMMITTEE MEETINGS
9:00 AM RULES 341 CAP
1:00 PM TRANSPORTATION 406 CLOB
1:00 PM JUVENILE JUSTICE 506 CLOB
2:00 PM HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES 606 CLOB
2:00 PM REGULATED INDUSTRIES 506 CLOB
2:00 PM Energy Sub 403 CAP
3:00 PM Setzler Sub Judiciary Non-Civil 415 CLOB
3:00 PM PUBLIC SAFETY & HOMELAND SEC 406 CLOB
3:15 PM Special Sub Regulated Ind 506 CLOB
3:30 PM HIGHER EDUCATION 606 CLOB
4:00 PM Caldwell Sub Judiciary Civil 132 CAP
4:00 PM Ballinger Sub Juvenile Justice 515 CLOB
SENATE RULES CALENDAR
SB 323 – State Printing and Documents; public disclosure not be required for any documents pertaining to econ dev project (ED&T – 30th)
SB 356 – Animals; provide definition of the term “owner”; impoundment of animals for any violation; caring for an impounded animal (SLOGO – M. Williams)
SR 954 – Public Property; granting of nonexclusive easements for the construction, operation and maintenance of facilities, utilities, roads (SI&P – Jeffares)
SR 955 – Property Conveyance; authorizing 8 counties (SI&P – Jeffares)
HOUSE RULES CALENDAR
HB 1030 Georgia Seed Development Commission; change certain provisions (A&CA-Watson-172nd)
Modified Open Rule
HB 804 Superior courts; fifth judge of the Clayton Judicial Circuit; provide (Substitute)(Judy-Mabra-63rd)
HB 851 Local government; annual audit of financial affairs, books, and records of boards of trustees of county law libraries; require (Substitute) (B&FAO-Atwood-179th)
HB 856 Probate courts; bond required for judges; change provisions (Judy-Fleming-121st)
HB 944 Health; pronouncement of death of patients in nursing homes who are organ donors by a physician assistant or registered professional nurse; provide (Substitute)(H&HS-Gilligan-24th)
HB 970 Fire protection and safety; issuance of certificates of compliance for fire departments; revise requirements (PS&HS-Lumsden-12th)
HB 975 Commerce and trade; assets and liabilities; provide certain updates to the standard valuation law (Ins-Shaw-176th)
Modified Structured Rule
HB 93 Motor vehicles; law enforcement retaining license plate data obtained from automated license plate recognition systems for certain periods; prohibit (Substitute)(PS&HS-Pezold-133rd) (AM 41 0148)
HB 792 Firearms; carrying, possession, and use of electroshock weapons by persons who are students or who are employed at a public institution; authorize (Substitute)(PS&HS-Brockway-102nd)
HB 827 “Pursuing Justice for Rape Victims Act”; enact (Substitute) (JudyNC-Holcomb-81st)
HB 900 Crimes and offenses; electronic data base of prescription information; authorize the retention of data base information for 2 years (Substitute)(H&HS-Cooper-43rd)
HB 941 Courts; review of incidents involving a peace officer’s use of deadly force that results in death or serious bodily injury; provide for procedure (Substitute)(JudyNC-Golick-40th)
HR 1312 Houston County; certain property currently dedicated as a heritage preserve; authorize the change of use (SProp-Sims-123rd)
HR 1363 House Special Study Committee on Judicial Qualifications Commission Reform; create (Rules-Willard-51st)
HB 768 Handicapped persons; ABLE program establishment to use tax exempt accounts to pay for qualified expenses of eligible individuals with disabilities; provisions (Substitute)(W&M-Hawkins-27th)
HB 923 Sales and use tax; fire districts which have elected governing bodies and are supported by ad valorem taxes; provide exemption (Substitute)(W&M-Quick-117th)