The Mason-Dixon line separating Pennsylvania from Maryland was established on October 18, 1767.
In 1760, tired of border violence between the colonies’ settlers, the British crown demanded that the parties involved hold to an agreement reached in 1732. As part of Maryland and Pennsylvania’s adherence to this royal command, Mason and Dixon were asked to determine the exact whereabouts of the boundary between the two colonies. Though both colonies claimed the area between the 39th and 40th parallel, what is now referred to as the Mason-Dixon line finally settled the boundary at a northern latitude of 39 degrees and 43 minutes. The line was marked using stones, with Pennsylvania’s crest on one side and Maryland’s on the other.
Twenty years later, in late 1700s, the states south of the Mason-Dixon line would begin arguing for the perpetuation of slavery in the new United States while those north of line hoped to phase out the ownership of human chattel. This period, which historians consider the era of “The New Republic,” drew to a close with the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which accepted the states south of the line as slave-holding and those north of the line as free. The compromise, along with those that followed it, eventually failed.
The Pennsylvania Gazette published a criticism against the British Tea Act on October 16, 1773.
The Tea Act of 1773 was a bill designed to save the faltering British East India Company by greatly lowering its tea tax and granting it a virtual monopoly on the American tea trade. The low tax allowed the company to undercut even tea smuggled into America by Dutch traders, and many colonists viewed the act as yet another example of taxation tyranny. In response, the “Philadelphia Resolutions” called the British tax upon America unfair and said that it introduced “arbitrary government and slavery” upon the American citizens. The resolutions urged all Americans to oppose the British tax and stated that anyone who transported, sold or consumed the taxed tea would be considered “an enemy to his country.”
Five thousand British and Hessian troops surrendered to patriot militia on October 17, 1777, ending the Second Battle of Saratoga, and leading to France recognizing American independence and sending military aid.
On October 19, 1791, General Cornwallis formally surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the American Revolution. Cornwallis claimed to be ill and sent his second-in-command for the formal surrender.
An editorial published pseudononymously by Alexander Hamilton on October 17, 1796, accused Thomas Jefferson, then a Presidential candidate, of having an affair with a slave.
Happy birthday to the Texas Rangers, created on this day in 1835.
In the midst of their revolt against Mexico, Texan leaders felt they needed a semi-official force of armed men who would defend the isolated frontier settlers of the Lone Star Republic against both Santa Ana’s soldiers and hostile Indians; the Texas Rangers filled this role. But after winning their revolutionary war with Mexico the following year, Texans decided to keep the Rangers, both to defend against Indian and Mexican raiders and to serve as the principal law enforcement authority along the sparsely populated Texan frontier.
Lincoln, who was practicing law at the time, campaigned on behalf of abolitionist Republicans in Illinois and attacked the Kansas-Nebraska Act. He denounced members of the Democratic Party for backing a law that “assumes there can be moral right in the enslaving of one man by another.” He believed that the law went against the founding American principle that “all men are created equal.”
On October 18, 1867, the United States took over Alaska from Russia and ran up Old Glory there for the first time.
Separated from the far eastern edge of the Russian empire by only the narrow Bering Strait, the Russians had been the first Europeans to significantly explore and develop Alaska.
Seeing the giant Alaska territory as a chance to cheaply expand the size of the nation, William H. Seward, President Andrew Johnson‘s secretary of state, moved to arrange the purchase of Alaska. Agreeing to pay a mere $7 million for some 591,000 square miles of land-a territory twice the size of Texas and equal to nearly a fifth of the continental United States-Seward secured the purchase of Alaska at the ridiculously low rate of less than 2¢ an acre.
On October 16, 1918, visitors to the Southeastern Fair at the Lakewood Fairgrounds were required by the Georgia State Board of Health to don face masks in order to prevent the spread of the Spanish flu.
Paul Anderson, known as the “World’s Strongest Man,” was born in Toccoa, Georgia on October 17, 1932. From his New York Times obituary:
As the unknown substitute for the injured American champion at the first Soviet-American dual athletic competition, in Moscow in 1955, the 5-foot-9-inch Anderson was scorned by his hosts.
The scorn turned to snickers when Anderson called for a weight of 402.4 pounds, more than 20 pounds above the world record. The snickers stopped when the 340-pound Anderson lifted the weight. By the time he set another record, in the clean and jerk, he was being hailed by Soviet fans.
The stunning achievement at the height of the Cold War made Anderson an instant American hero, and it was largely an anticlimax when he set three more world records at the world championships in Munich, Germany, later that year.
Although virtually conceded the gold medal at the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne, Australia, Anderson was stricken with a severe inner-ear infection.
Competing at 304 pounds and with a 103-degree fever, he fell so far behind his chief rival that on the final of three required lifts, he needed to clean and jerk 413.5 pounds, an Olympic record, to claim the gold. Twice he tried and failed. On the third attempt he asked God for a little extra help and got it.
“It wasn’t making a bargain,” he said later, “I needed help.”
Paul Anderson Memorial Park in Toccoa is a private park supported by a 501(c)(3) organization.
Maynard Jackson was elected Mayor of Atlanta on October 16, 1973. Jackson was the first African-Amercian Mayor of Atlanta; he served eight years, and was elected for a third, non-consecutive term in 1990.
On October 16, 1976, Jimmy Carter campaigned in Youngstown, Ohio.
On October 15, 2014, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie came to Georgia to support Gov. Nathan Deal’s reelection.
One year ago today, friends and family of the late Mack Burgess, a Republican staffer who died in a car wreck, gathered to memorialize his life. On that same day, separate visits by Texas Senator Ted Cruz and Kentucky Senator Rand Paul, both supporting the GAGOP ticket, were announced.
Georgia Politics, Campaigns, and Election
Peanut Poll Update
Later this morning, Secretary of State Brian Kemp will announce that voting in the Peanut Poll at the Georgia National Fair surpassed that of the Iowa Straw Poll.
Earlier this week, we offered some Peanut Poll swag that was liberated from Perry, in exchange for letting us know who you’re supporting and why. Here’s what we heard from eight readers, whose packages will be sent today.
I’ve removed some information that would identify the person writing it, and I’m not including criticism of other candidates at this time.
Cumming, GA – I would vote for TED CRUZ! Ted is the most proven conservative with a track record of standing up to the establishment. He has argued before the Supreme Court (and won) and has a consistently conservative record.
Marietta, GA – At this point in the election cycle, please cast my vote for Ben Carson. I feel his lack of connection to Federal, state and local government is a big plus. He is probably the smartest man running.
Carly Fiorina is also to be considered as a second choice. Donald Trump is the least likely to get my vote.
Gainesville, GA – Dr. Ben Carson would get my vote. I think it’s important to get someone back in the Oval Office who values the standards our country was founded on, someone who knows the Constitution and is committed to governing by it. I also appreciate his dedication to standing firm in the things he believes in – he is not easily swayed. I think he is a great example of “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”
Marietta, GA – DONALD J TRUMP- 2016!!
Peachtree City, GA – I would vote for Marco Rubio. I think hie youth, positions, constitutional support and articulate defense of conservative principles works for us. I love Ben Carson and I trust him but I believe that the experiences that Rubio brings are more valuable.
Evans, GA – Dr. Ben Carson. A Black, Conservative, Physician. He has the medical knowledge and medical compassion to help fix the train wreck called Obamacare. H’;s a Black Conservative, who would make a much better role model, than our current Community Organizer. He’s Conservative, so he understands that everyone can’t be on welfare.
Athens, GA – My favorite candidate is Marco Rubio. I have supported him since day one, mainly due to his staunch stances on the Iran Deal and abortion. I love the fact that he’s younger and a bit more attuned to the Millennial generation. I’m anxious for the pool to narrow and see how his campaign adapts to the changes in the field.
Loganville, GA – My vote goes to Marco Rubio. He’s very well versed on foreign policy and well spoken. Currently, his strategy seems to be work hard and wait for Trump to self-destruct, which I think is smart. I’ve also read his books and was inspired by his life-story.
The Smyrna Museum is hosting an exhibit of local political campaign paraphenalia through January. Perhaps Secretary Kemp should send them some Peanut Poll and SEC Primary swag to display and help raise awareness of the March 1, 2016 Presidential Preference Primary Elections.
Presidential campaigns are releasing third-quarter fundraising numbers, and here’s a selection of front-runners.
Ben Carson, $20 million
Jeb Bush, $13.4 million
Ted Cruz, $12.2 million
Carly Fiorina $6.8 million
Marco Rubio, $6 million
Rand Paul, $2.5 million
Interestingly, 60% of Carson’s cash haul came from donations of $200 or less.
Earlier this week, Atlanta radio personality Steve McCoy claimed that he had interviewed Donald Trump, but that Trump’s campaign told him not to ask any questions about political issues. But that didn’t actually happen. It turned out McCoy used clips from an interview recorded before Trump discussed running for President.
Steve McCoy, a morning radio host at Atlanta station News Radio 106.7, originally told BuzzFeed News and his listeners on Tuesday when the interview aired that the it occurred on Monday, and as a precondition for the interview, he couldn’t ask Trump about his policies.
On Wednesday, a lawyer for the Trump campaign denied the interview took place, and told BuzzFeed News that McCoy admitted to them that he had repackaged an old interview.
In a phone interview with BuzzFeed News on Thursday, McCoy admitted to recycling the interview, but denied ever saying on air that the interview was new.
So tally one more media scalp for Donald J. Trump.
Gov. Nathan Deal attended a groundbreaking for a semitrailer manufacturer in Trenton, GA, that will ultimately bring 400-450 new jobs to the area.
After the ceremony, Deal touted state policies that he says make Georgia an attractive location for companies like Vanguard. In particular, the governor pointed out that Georgia manufacturers don’t have to pay sales tax for selling, using or storing energy — the result of a bill passed in 2012.
He said Vanguard will change the lives of some residents in Dade County, home to about 16,500 people.
“Small communities, many times, do not have the job opportunities that will keep their children in the community,” Deal said. “This will give us a chance to keep more of Trenton’s young people here and offer them good-paying jobs.”
During Thursday’s ceremony, Dade County Executive Ted Rumley said sales tax revenue collected from the county’s SPLOST played an important role in landing Vanguard. The county needed sales tax money, approved through a local SPLOST referendum, to purchase the 150-acre industrial park once owned by former Chattanooga Mayor P.R. “Rudy” Olgiati.
Without the land, Rumley said, there is no plant. And no new jobs.
‘This would still be a cow pasture,” he said. “There would still be mules here. Remember that when the next SPLOST tax comes up.”
A Buford City Commissioner and his son got into a fight with the husband and son of another Commissioner, according to the Gwinnett Daily Post.
According to police records released Thursday, longtime city Commissioner Chris Burge and his son, Cory Burge, who runs the town’s water plant, were in a brawl with Carson and Harrison Smith, whose mother also sits on the commission. The fight happened during a Doobie Brothers concert Sept. 12 at the city community center.
Chris Burge, who has been in office for more than two decades, told the Daily Post he was deeply sorry to Buford residents for the “black eye” the incident brought to the close-knit town that “I love more than anything.”
He maintained that he was only defending himself after Carson Smith threw the first punch. Carson Smith, a Buford attorney, didn’t immediately return a message seeking comment Thursday. But the police report says the sides had conflicting accounts of the melee.
According to Chris Burge, the fight resulted from tensions over votes Smith’s mother, Michael Smith, has made on the commission. Chris Burge said she should have abstained from voting on projects that involved developers who are reportedly also her son’s customers.
And here’s the video:
Candidates for Port Wentworth City Council met in a forum hosted by the Port Wentworth Chamber of Commerce.
Construction of two new nuclear reactors being built at Plant Vogtle by Georgia Power and a consortium of Georgia EMCs has hit the halfway point.
Mark Rauckhorst, vice president of construction for Units 3 and 4, said site expansion is progressing as planned after the facility’s budget and schedule were revised this year to reflect an 18-month delay and a $246 million increase in costs.
Rauckhorst said during a tour of the plant that the next major part of the construction process is at the end of October, when crews begin pouring about 2,000 cubic yards of concrete to help set the tabletop of Unit 3’s Turbine Island by early 2016. During the placement, he said, foremen will strategically locate pumpers and then move them between areas for crews to monitor the process and ensure the concrete is settling right.
“This is the highest point right now,” Rauckhorst said Thursday while standing atop the island’s “superstructure,” at an elevation of more than 170 feet. “As we continue to build, we have another 80 feet of steel that will go above us.”
In Cherokee County, Channing Ruskell announced he will run against Superior Court Judge David Cannon – a third election between the two.
“Mr. Ruskell has gone up against Mr. Cannon several times in the past when he ran against him for solicitor general. However, Mr. Ruskell believes he can win against him for Superior Court judge as he believes the citizens of Cherokee County, as well as attorneys, are ready for a change,” a news release from the candidate said.
Ruskell and Cannon first met at the polls in 2002, when Cannon defeated Ruskell in the Republican primary to become the solicitor — a position Ruskell was elected to in 1997. Ruskell unsuccessfully challenged Cannon in 2006 to get his old job back.
File under: Government Efficiency – The FBI will be consolidating offices in a new building in DeKalb County to
cut commute time while investigating corruption consolidate leases and reduce leased space.
File Under: No Surprise – in Cumming, city council candidates are complaining about disappearing campaign signs.